文章摘要
杨道玲,邢玉冠,李祥丽.粤港澳大湾区科技创新的优势与短板——基于多源数据的世界四大湾区对比研究[J].,2020,(10):.
粤港澳大湾区科技创新的优势与短板——基于多源数据的世界四大湾区对比研究
Advantages and shortcomings of Science and technology Innovation of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area:Comparison of the World's Four Major Bays Areas Based on Multi-source Data
投稿时间:2019-07-26  修订日期:2020-05-20
DOI:
中文关键词: 粤港澳大湾区  科技创新  世界湾区  优势与短板
英文关键词: Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area  science and technology innovation  world bay area  advantages and shortcomings
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“基于多源大数据的京津冀产业协同发展模式及效果评价研究”(19BJL082)
作者单位邮编
杨道玲 国家信息中心大数据发展部 100045
邢玉冠 国家信息中心大数据发展部 100045
李祥丽 丝路国信大数据技术有限公司 100088
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中文摘要:
      为客观了解粤港澳大湾区在科技创新中的领先优势和存在的短板,助力国际科技创新中心建设,本文从科技创新的基础、环境、主体、人才、投入和产出等关键要素入手,通过人口、经济、企业注册、专利、论文等多源数据对比研究粤港澳大湾区与纽约湾区、旧金山湾区、东京湾区科技创新发展情况,分析认为粤港澳大湾区科技创新发展势头强劲、增速明显,拥有了在科技创新方面比肩甚至赶超世界一流湾区的巨大潜力。但同时也发现在科技创新主体、人才、投入、产出等关键创新要素方面的短板愈发凸显,成为粤港澳大湾区打造具有全球影响力的国际科技创新中心的重要障碍。对此,建议从推动协同创新、夯实人才基础、加强研发投入、发挥龙头企业带动作用等方面着手,全面提升粤港澳大湾区科技创新的国际影响力、竞争力。
英文摘要:
      In order to objectively understand the leading advantages and disadvantages of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area in science and technological innovation, and to help the construction of international scientific and technological innovation center, this paper starts with the key elements of science and technological innovation, such as the foundation, environment, main body, talents, input and output, and conducts a comparative study of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area with New York Bay area, San Francisco Bay Area and Tokyo Bay Area through multi-source data of population, economy, enterprise registration, patents and papers. It is concluded that Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area has a strong momentum of development and obvious growth in science and technology innovation, and has a great potential to match or even surpass the world-class Bay Areaes in terms of science and technology innovation. But at the same time, it is also found that the shortcomings in the main body, talents, input, output and other key innovation elements of scientific and technological innovation are increasingly prominent, which has become an important obstacle for it to build an international scientific and technological innovation center with global influence. Based on the above results of comparative analysis, it is suggested that the international influence and competitiveness of technological innovation in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area should be comprehensively enhanced from the aspects of promoting collaborative innovation, strengthening the talent base, strengthening R&D investment and giving full play to the leading role of enterprises.
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